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Ren Shen Bai Du San

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Pin Ying Name: Ren Shen Bai Du San

English Name: Ginseng & Mentha Decoction

Chinese Name: 人參敗毒散

Herbs & Actions
Pharmaceutical Latin Pin Yin Actions
Rz. et Rx. Notopterygii Qiang Huo

Expels Wind-Cold-Dampness, unblocks painful obstruction, alleviates pain and guides Qi to the Tai Yang and Du channels.

With Du Huo, expels Wind-Cold from the exterior, dispels Dampness and alleviates pain. Qiang Huo is better for superficial Wind-Dampness and upper extremities and Du Huo is better for deeper Wind-Dampness and lower extremities. With Chuan Xiong, for headache and generalized body aches and pains associated with the common cold or painful obstruction. With Jie Geng, for skin conditions.

Rx. Angelicae Pubescentis Du Huo

Disperses Wind-Cold-Dampness, opens the channels and alleviates pain.

With Qiang Huo, for joint pain and numbness.

Rx. Chuanxiong Chuan Xiong

Regulates Qi, helps Qiang Huo and Du Huo release the exterior, moves Blood, expels Wind-Cold, enhancing the pain relieving function of the formula (especially in the head and neck) and treats headaches.

Rx. Bupleuri Chai Hu

Expels Wind-Heat, raises Yang Qi, and resolves Phlegm and congestion.

With Bo He, releases the exterior, reduces fever, and expels the pathogenic influences, especially from the muscle layer. With Zhi Ke, for Stifling sensation in the chest, abdominal pain, poor appetite, and irregular bowel movements. With Gan Cao, for Wind-Heat fever.

Rx. Platycodi Jie Geng

Opens the Lungs, expels Phlegm, expels pus, benefits the throat and directs the effects of other herbs to the upper body.

With Zhi Ke regulates the Qi flow in the chest. With Zhi Ke and Qian Hu, improves Lung Qi circulation, expels Phlegm and stops cough. With Gan Cao, disseminates Lung Qi, expels Phlegm, resolves toxicity, and expels pus for productive cough with hoarseness, pain and swelling of the throat due to Wind-Heat and Lung abscess with expectoration of pus and pain in the chest and flanks and for Excess disorders in the Upper Jiao with no disorder in the Lower Jiao.

Dry-fried Fr. Aurantii Ju Chao Zhi Ke

Promotes the movement of Qi, reduces distention and pressure, resolves hardenings and removes stagnated food.

With Chai Hu and Bo He, for Upper Jiao surface Heat problems. With Jie Geng, regulates the flow of Qi in the chest and aids in the transformation of Phlegm for chest congestion.

Rx. Peucedani Qian Hu

Descends Qi, expels Phlegm and expels Wind-Heat.

With Fu Ling and Sheng Jiang, treats the manifestation and root. With Jie Geng and Bo He, for symptoms of Wind-Heat. With Chai Hu, for Wind-Heat constraining the Lungs, leading to a stifling sensation in the chest and cough with profuse sputum.

Rx. Ginseng Ren Shen

Strengthens Qi to expel pathogenic influences, generates fluids to produce sweat, and strengthens the body's resistance to invasion, preventing a relapse.

With Chai Hu, Chuan Xiong, Sheng Jiang and Bo He, moves Qi and expels external pathogens. With Qiang Huo, Chai Hu and Du Huo, for Exterior invasion with Interior Deficiency.

Rx. Codonopsis Dang Shen

Substitutes for Ren Shen.

Poria Fu Ling

Transforms Phlegm, strengthens the Spleen, leaches out Dampness and promotes urination.

With Qian Hu, Jie Geng and Zhi Ke, resolves Phlegm and stops cough. With Gan Cao, for Spleen and Heart Deficiencies causing facial edema, palpitations, and shortness of breath.

Rx. Glycyrrhizae Gan Cao

Assists Ren Shen in tonifying Qi, moistens the Lungs, resolves Phlegm, stops cough, clears Heat, relieves Fire toxicity and moderates and harmonizes the harsh properties of other herbs.

With Jie Geng, for pain and swelling of the throat. With Ren Shen, relieves palpitations and anxiety.

Rz. Zingiberis Recens Sheng Jiang

Releases the exterior, warms the Lungs, disperses Cold, stops cough and reduces the toxicity of other herbs.

With Da Zao, alleviates epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting by strengthening the Spleen, prevents Phlegm accumulation and treats External Wind-Cold.

Hb. Menthae Bo He

Disperses Wind-Heat, vents rashes, clears the head and eyes and benefits the throat.

Formula Actions
  • Releases the Exterior
  • Augments Qi
  • Removes Wind-Cold-Damp
  • Eliminates Painful Obstruction
  • Circulates Qi and Blood
  • Stops pain
  • Wind-Cold-Dampness with Deficient normal Qi
  • Wind-Cold-Damp Bi
  • Muscular atrophy due to Qi and Blood Stagnation
Clinical Manifestations
  • High fever accompanied by severe chills and shivering
  • Aversion to Cold
  • Pain worse at night
  • Difficult movement
  • Local inflammation
  • Migratory pain
  • Soreness and pain of the extremities
  • Nasal congestion with sonorous breathing
  • Anhidrosis
  • Pain and stiffness of the head and neck
  • Focal distention and fullness of the chest and diaphragm
  • A productive cough
  • May have numbness and heaviness in the limbs
  • Body aches
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Cough with sputum
  • Stuffy nose
  • Joint pain
  • Pain worse with Cold and better with warmth
  • Pain aggravated by Wind
  • Pain aggravated by Dampness
  • Pain is stabbing
  • Muscle weakness
  • Pain alleviated by movement
  • Slight muscle edema
  • Heaviness of the joints
  • Cold joints
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • T: Pale or Slightly purple or Purple spots
  • C: White or thin, white, greasy
  • P: Slippery or Slightly superficial or Superficial and soft or Slightly rough or Slow and Soft or Wiry and tight or Superficial and rapid that is forceless under pressure
  • Common cold
  • High fever
  • Mumps
  • Dysentery
  • Early stages of boils
  • Eczema
  • Influenza
  • Bronchitis
  • Allergic dermatitis
  • Upper respiratory tract infection with fever
  • Nasal congestion
  • Rheumatism
  • Eye disorders
  • Ulcers
  • Early-stage carbuncle
  • Cough
  • Neuralgia
  • Weakness
  • Arthralgia
  • Neck stiffness
  • Urticaria
  • Rheumatic arthritis
  • Chronic lumbago
  • Arthralgia
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gouty arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Hoarseness
  • Suppurative infection
  • Acute viral hepatitis
  • Malaria
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Pneumonia
  • Herpes genitalia
  • Headache
  • Puerperal fever
  • Contraindicated for those with Damp-Heat in the channels.
  • Contraindicated for those with Exterior Wind-Heat.
  • Contraindicated for those with Internal Heat.
  • Contraindicated for those with Yin Deficiency with Exterior Invasion.
  • Contraindicated for those with a strong constitution.

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