SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS: Vomiting is a symptom due to the dysfunction of the stomach in digestion and transportation. It can be seen in acute and chronic gastritis and neurotic vomiting, pylorospasm, pyloric stenosis, cholecystitis.
ETIOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY: Vomiting is caused by the ascending stomach Qi instead of its normal descending direction. lts causes include the following:
(1). Exogenous factors, such as wind, coId, summer heat, and dampness, attack the stomach, so it losses the normal Qi movement of descending.
(2). Excessive food, cold drinks, fatty or unclean food damage the stomach, cause the Qi to move upward.
(3). Stagnant liver Qi due to depression, anger, or any other strong and prolonged unstable emotion, will attack the spleen and stomach easily from the theory of five elements.
(4). The deficiency of spleen and stomach loses its normal function of transformation and transportation, causing indigestion, Qi and blood deficiency, Yang deficiency, etc.
1. Vomiting due to the Exogenous Factors:
Indications: Sudden strong vomiting, accompanied with fever aversion to cold or wind, headache, general soreness and pain, fullness at gastric and chest regions, white and greasy tongue coating,
Treatment & Formula: Dispel exogenous factors, eliminate the turbid using fragrant herbs.
- Huo Xiang Zheng Qi San (Agastache Formula, Item No. 2271 ): This is a very commonly used formula 'for vomiting, diarrhea, headache during the summer time due to the damp cold, or wind cold factors.
2. Vomiting due to the Stagnation of Food:
Indications: Vomiting, belching, acid regurgitation, fullness of gastric and abdominal areas, worse after eating, release after vomiting, fetid loose stool or constipation, thick and greasy tongue coating, slippery, short and strong pulse.
Treatment & Formulas: Promote the function of stomach and spleen to help food digestion.
- Bao He Wan is the first choice formula for indigestion. Its ingredients are as follows:
- Shan Zha (Crataegus, Item No. 1018): 18%
- Shen Qu (Medicata Fermentata, Item No.1271): 14%
- Lai Fu Zi (RaphanusSeed, Item No.1183): 18%
- Ban Xia (Pinellia, Item No. 1068): 14%
- Chen Pi (Citrus Peel, Item No. 1185): 8%
- Fu Ling (Hoelen, Item No. 1133): 14%
- Lian Qiao (Forsythia, Item No. 1199): 14%
- Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang (Saussurea Cardamon Combination, Item No. 2125): This treats the digestive problem by promoting the function of spleen and stomach. It also has the functions of warming and regulating the stagnant Qi. So it is very popular to treat vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, chest fullness, belching, nausea, emaciation due to the spleen deficiency and cold stomach.
- Chi Pi Wan (Ginseng and Hawthorn Formula, Item No. 2193): It helps the food digestion by promoting the function of spleen. So it is often used for vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, colitis due to spleen deficiency.
3. Vomiting due to Phlegm and Yin (Water Retention):
Indications: vomiting watery sputum, fullness at gastric region, dizziness, palpitation, white greasy tongue coating, slippery pulse.
Treatment & Formulas: Resolve the phlegm by warming, harmonize the stomach Qi so as to descend the rebellious Qi.
- Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang (Hoelen and Atractylodes Combination, Item No. 2130): This is a famous formula to treat Yin fluid (water) retention at middle Jiao (stomach and spleen). Indications are vomiting watery sputum, vertigo, tinnitus, dyspnea, palpitation, insomnia, temporary nearsightedness due to the obstruction of water retention.
- Xiao Ban Xia Jia Fu Ling Tang